The origin of the city of Sasaram can be traced out from two acient warriors Sahastrabahu and Parashuram. The word Sahasram was coined out of the name of these two warriors which finally became Sasaram in course of time. The ancient glory of the city of Sasaram was revived by the 16th century Afghan ruler SherShah who usurped the throne of Delhi defeating the Mughal emperor Humayun showing his unparalleled fighting spirit and valour. There is a saying about SherShah is that while he was adolescent he killed a lion singlehandedly with his sword which earned him the title SherShah and from the onwards Farid khan became Sher Khan. He added a new feather to his illustrious career defeating the Sultan of Delhi, Humayun and than Sherkhan became SherShah. Besides showing heroics in the battlefield, SherShah is also known for his social services. He got a road built between Kolkata and New Delhi which is called Grand Trunk Road making herculean effort. Sasaram also emerged as a citadel of culture during his tenure. His tomb is an excellent example of architectural exuberance which is an amalgamation of Indian and Afghan architecture and people from far-off regions thronging to the monument to pay tribute to the great ruler.

The City of Varanasi, situated about 100 Km. west of Sasaram, is supposed to have been developed by Lord Shiva on his trident. Devotees offer prayers to lord Vishwanath taking a dip in the holly Ganges which flows close to the temple and is supposed to be touching the feet of lord Shiva to show her gratitude. Varanasi is the city of temples with the temples like Sankatamochan, Durga mandir and Manas madir emerging a seat of faith for the devotees for centuries. BHU too adds a milestone to the glorious history of Varanasi. It is the brainchild of Madan Mohan Malauiya who left no stone unturned to give his dream of imparting modern education to the youth of the country.

The city of Gaya is situated towards 100 Km. east of Sasaram. It is variously called Vishnu nagari an Moksha Dham, giving solace to the departing souls. It is known for world famous Vishnupad Temple constructed by the 16th century Queen of Holkar Dynesty, Ahilyabai Holkar. The devotees offer prayer to the feet of Lord Vishnu the inprint of which is steel left on a large stone around which modern day temple has been constructed. Mangala Gauri temple is another centre of attraction here which is a shaktipith since one of the parts of the body of Devi Sati has fallen here. There is hearsay that Lord Vishnu had divided the body of Devi Sati in to several pieces in order to pacify the anger of lord Shiva who was moving here and there taking the body of Sati in his lap and creating a great havoc. Gaya is also known for river of phalgu which is a victim to the curse of Devi Sita which continues unabated till date. About 15 Km. south of Gaya there is a city of Bodhgaya where lord Buddha got enlightenment under the Pepal tree following a penance which continued for 22 days. Thus Lord Buddha achieved celibacy and he became kaivalya and started preaching the message of universal friendship and brotherhood for the rest of his life. Great emperor Ashoka embraced the philosophy and ideology of Lord Buddha and spread the message of truth and non-violence as preached by Lord Buddha across the country.

The city of Sasaram is surrounded by mountain ranges of Kaimur towards its southern flank which is attached to magadh ranges of mountains in the east and vindhya ranges in the west which is stretched over the arawali ranges located M.P. several pilgrimages and tourist places have been developed in these mountain ranges. Prominent among them are the temples of Tarachandi, Mundeshwari dham, Gupta dham Manjhar falls, Rohtas fort. World famous Rohtas Fort 30 Km. south east to the city constructed by Rohitasva, the son of the king Harishchandra has also emerged as a premier tourist spot attracting thousands of tourists from across the country. It is supposed to have been occupied by Sher Shah in the year of 1540. The Britishers too had given a facelift to the fort and used to visit here very often as a part of their pastime Devotees from far-off regions throng to the temple of Tarachandi about 4 Km. south of the city of Sasaram particularly in the holy month of Ashwin to offer their prayer to the deity to seek her blessings. There is and here say that both the eyes of Sati fell there as the place where the temple has been erected.

The City of Sasaram is also blessed with the providence of the Goddess Mundeshwari. Its genesis can be traced out before the beginning of the Christian era. It is said that as soon as the priest throws rice particles on the body of the sacrificial goat it becomes senseless and later on it is sacrificed on the altar created outside the temple. Now-a-days animal sacrifice is prohibited there. The temple is situated is the nearby district of Kaimur which was earlier part and parcel of the Rohtas district. It is about 30 Km. west of Sasaram.

Gupta dham is another prominent centre of attraction where Lord Shiva is supposed to have taken refuge in order to protect himself from the evil designs of the demon Bhasmasur. It is said the Bhasmasur made a rigorous penance to please lord Shiva who blessed him with the boon that once he put his hand on the head of a person he would be reduced to the ashes. Bhasmasur used the boon on lord Shiva itself in order to win Goddess Parvati. Lord shiva saved his life by taking shelter in this cave. Sensing that Bhasmashur might infiltrate in the cave lord Vishnu appeared in the entrance of the cave transforming himself into a beautiful damsel. Bhasmashur while chasing lord Shiva approached to the cave and was moved by the beauty of the damsel protecting the cave and offered the proposal of marriage to her. He also readily accepted the proposal of the damsel of tying the nuptial note with a person aggring to dance with her putting his head on the waist and head on his head. The poor fellow forgot the boon granted to him by Lord Shiva in course of performing the act and himself reduced to the ashes thus life of lord Shiva was saved. A large number of devitees from the nearby districts of Aurangabad, Kaimur and Bhojpur gather around the temple during the holy month of Sharvan, Basantpanchmi, and Shivratri to seek the blessings of Lord Shiva. The Durgavati river is also supposed to have originated from a water fall near Gupta dham.

The Kaimur ranges are also known for a famous waterfall Manjharkund about the 10 km. south of the city of Sasaram. It has recently been emerged as a prominent picnic spot. Attracted by scenic beauty and sizzling waterfall tourists throng in countless number there. The kav river which flows close to the city of Sasaram has emerged from the waterfall of the Majharkund which finally submerge in the river Ganges near Buxar.

Last but not least the city of Sasaram is also supposed to have achieved excellence for two of its monuments, the first being the Ashoka pillar of Maurya era and the second the Majar of Chand sahid. Chancer had waged a war against the invaders in order the save the life of his followers and had himself chopped off his head in course of his fighting against the crusaders. A three day fare is held every year to mark the sacrifice of the great martyr near his majar during the festival of Sabbebarat. He was finally cremated on the mountain top close to S.P. Jain College is a premier institution education of V.K.S.U.

Emperor Ashoka had erected stone pillar at every nook and corner of his empire to unable his beloved citizens to have an awareness of the rules and regulations issued by the emperor at regular intervals in Bramhi script for the betterment of the people. The city of Sasaram is blessed wet one such stone pillar erected on the mountain top close to the majar and adjacent to the S.P. Jain College.